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Instructions for dealing with exam fraud during the degree studies

According to the ethical principles of Centria University of Applied Sciences exam fraud means:

  • Fabrication i.e. presenting invented observations or results as one’s own.
  • Misrepresentation i.e. changing original observations according to one’s own purposes or failing to present essential observations.
  • Unauthorized citing i.e. plagiarism, which means presenting data expressed by someone else as one’s own.
  • Theft or presenting and using other persons’ R&D ideas in one’s own name.
  • Cheating in exam situations.

Plagiarism means the use of another person’s production without permission or proper source reference, e.g. by presenting and copying their ideas, thoughts, writings, etc. as one’s own. This is always an offense against the good scientific practice, the author, and the teacher in question. Plagiarism is always a punishable act and it will be addressed even in mild cases.

Plagiarism is forbidden in all stages of the studies.

The basic study skills of the student include that they can differentiate between their own and product output or text. Another person’s copyright may not be violated. One must refer to another person’s work according to the instructions of the university of applied sciences. In unclear cases, one should ask the teacher for advice. (Plagiarism, exam fraud. http://www.tenk.fi/sites/tenk.fi/files/HTK_ohje_2012.pdf. Read 18.4.2016. Responsible conduct of research and procedures for handling allegations of misconduct in Finland 2012. Helsinki: Finnish Advisory board on research integrity.)

A teacher can have the authenticity of personal answers checked with the help of Urkund. Urkund is a system against plagiarism for students and teachers and it is used in Centria University of Applied sciences.


University of Applied Sciences Law 14.11.2014/932 38 § Discipline

The student can be given a written warning if he/she:

  1. disturbs the teaching;
  2. behaves violently or threateningly;
  3. acts deceitfully or otherwise breaks the UAS order;
  4. refuses to show proof of the drug test referred to in clause 36; or
  5. has used narcotic substances based on the investigation referred to in clause 36 for other than medical purposes in such a way that his/her functional ability has weakened.

If the act or neglect is serious or if the student continues the inappropriate behavior referred to in moment 1, he or she can be temporarily suspended from the university of applied sciences for a maximum of one year.


Measures in case of plagiarism or exam fraud and the consequences of proven plagiarism or other forms of exam fraud

  1. The teacher can give the student a notification orally or by email, and reject the task, assignment, or exam. The Head of Department must be informed about the rejection in writing (e.g. by email).
  2. If the plagiarism or other exam fraud is repetitive, the teacher takes the issue to the Head of Department.
  3. The Head of Department asks the student to give a written statement about what has happened and the teacher writes his/her own report.
  4. The Head of Department calls the student and teacher in question to a hearing. In addition to this, the student can also invite another student for support. A memorandum of the hearing is written.
  5. The Head of Department can give a written warning about plagiarism or other form of exam fraud. The decision is communicated to the concerned persons in writing (by email).
  6. In case of repeated plagiarism, other fraud, or in more severe cases the Head of Department makes a suggestion to the President of the UAS about giving a warning according to for disciplinary procedures according to UAS Law clause 38. The President of the UAS decides about the warning.
  7. If a student who has already received a warning makes him‐/herself guilty of repeated plagiarism or other exam fraud, the consequence is a temporary suspension (academic term). The President of the UAS makes a proposal about suspending the student to the board of the UAS based on the proposal made by the Head of Department.
  8. Information about the warning the student has received or about the temporary suspension is marked in the student’s record in Winha as additional information.
  9. The student submits the rejected task, assignment, or exam, possibly about an entirely new topic.

Approved in the Leading Group meeting on 25 May 2016.

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